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    <a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>">Torbutton FAQ</a>
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    <h2>Torbutton FAQ</h2>
    <hr>
    
    <h3>Questions</h3>
    <br>
    <ul>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#nojavascript">When I toggle Tor, my sites that use javascript stop working. Why?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#noreloads">I can't click on links or hit reload after I toggle Tor! Why?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#noflash">I can't view videos on YouTube and other flash-based sites. Why?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#oldtorbutton">Torbutton sure seems to do a lot of things, some of which I find annoying. Can't I just use the old version?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#weirdstate">My browser is in some weird state where nothing works right!</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#noautocomplete">When I use Tor, Firefox is no longer filling in logins/search boxes for me. Why?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#thunderbird">What about Thunderbird support? I see a page, but it is the wrong version?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#extensionconflicts">Which Firefox extensions should I avoid using?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#recommendedextensions">Which Firefox extensions do you recommend?</a></li>
    <li><a href="<page torbutton/torbutton-faq>#securityissues">Are there any other issues I should be concerned about?</a></li>
    </ul>
    <br>
    
    <a id="nojavascript"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#nojavascript">When I toggle Tor, my sites that use javascript stop working. Why?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    Javascript can do things like wait until you have disabled Tor before trying
    to contact its source site, thus revealing your IP address. As such, Torbutton
    must disable Javascript, Meta-Refresh tags, and certain CSS behavior when Tor
    state changes from the state that was used to load a given page. These features
    are re-enabled when Torbutton goes back into the state that was used to load
    the page, but in some cases (particularly with Javascript and CSS) it is
    sometimes not possible to fully recover from the resulting errors, and the
    page is broken. Unfortunately, the only thing you can do (and still remain
    safe from having your IP address leak) is to reload the page when you toggle
    Tor, or just ensure you do all your work in a page before switching tor state.
    </p>
    
    <a id="noreloads"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#noreloads">I can't click on links or hit reload after I toggle Tor! Why?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    Due to <a href="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=409737">Firefox
    Bug 409737</a>, pages can still open popups and perform Javascript redirects
    and history access after Tor has been toggled. These popups and redirects can
    be blocked, but unfortunately they are indistinguishable from normal user
    interactions with the page (such as clicking on links, opening them in new
    tabs/windows, or using the history buttons), and so those are blocked as a
    side effect. Once that Firefox bug is fixed, this degree of isolation will
    become optional (for people who do not want to accidentally click on links and
    give away information via referrers). A workaround is to right click on the
    link, and open it in a new tab or window. The tab or window won't load
    automatically, but you can hit enter in the URL bar, and it will begin
    loading. Hitting enter in the URL bar will also reload the page without
    clicking the reload button.
    </p>
    
    <a id="noflash"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#noflash">I can't view videos on YouTube and
    other Flash-based sites. Why?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    YouTube and similar sites require third party browser plugins such as Flash.
    Plugins operate independently from Firefox and can perform
    activity on your computer that ruins your anonymity. This includes
    but is not limited to: <a href="http://decloak.net">completely disregarding
    proxy settings</a>, querying your <a
    href="http://forums.sun.com/thread.jspa?threadID=5162138&amp;messageID=9618376">local
    IP address</a>, and <a
    href="http://epic.org/privacy/cookies/flash.html">storing their own
    cookies</a>. It is possible to use a LiveCD solution such as
    or <a href="https://tails.boum.org/">The Amnesic Incognito Live System</a> that creates a
    secure, transparent proxy to protect you from proxy bypass, however issues
    with local IP address discovery and Flash cookies still remain.  </p>
    
    <p>
    If you are not concerned about being tracked by these sites (and sites that
    try to unmask you by pretending to be them), and are unconcerned about your
    local censors potentially noticing you visit them, you can enable plugins by
    going into the Torbutton Preferences-&gt;Security Settings-&gt;Dynamic Content
    tab and unchecking "Disable plugins during Tor usage" box. If you do this
    without The Amnesic Incognito Live System or appropriate firewall
    rules, we strongly suggest you at least use <a
    href="https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/722">NoScript</a> to <a
    href="http://noscript.net/features#contentblocking">block plugins</a>. You do
    not need to use the NoScript per-domain permissions if you check the <b>Apply
    these restrictions to trusted sites too</b> option under the NoScript Plugins
    preference tab. In fact, with this setting you can even have NoScript allow
    Javascript globally, but still block all plugins until you click on their
    placeholders in a page. We also recommend <a
    href="https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/6623">Better Privacy</a>
    in this case to help you clear your Flash cookies.
    </p>

    <p><em>The Tor Browser Bundle does not work with Flash or other plugins
    by design.  If you wish to run these plugins over Tor, you need to
    install Tor and configure your own instance of Firefox.</em></p>
    
    <a id="oldtorbutton"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#oldtorbutton">Torbutton sure seems to do a lot of things, some of which I find
    annoying. Can't I just use the old version?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    
    <b>No.</b> Use of the old version, or any other vanilla proxy changer
    (including FoxyProxy -- see below) without Torbutton is actively discouraged.
    Seriously. Using a vanilla proxy switcher by itself is so insecure that you are
    not only just wasting your time, you are also actually endangering yourself.
    <b>Simply do not use Tor</b> and you will have the same (and in some cases,
    better) security.  For more information on the types of attacks you are exposed
    to with a "homegrown" solution, please see <a
    href="design/index.html.en#adversary">The Torbutton
    Adversary Model</a>, in particular the <a
    href="design/index.html.en#attacks">Adversary
    Capabilities - Attacks</a> subsection. If there are any specific Torbutton
    behaviors that you do not like, please file a bug on <a
    href="https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/report/14">the
    bug tracker.</a> Most of Torbutton's security features can also be disabled via
    its preferences, if you think you have your own protection for those specific
    cases.
    
    </p>
    
    <a id="weirdstate"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#weirdstate">My browser is in some weird state where nothing works right!</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    Try to disable Tor by clicking on the button, and then open a new window. If
    that doesn't fix the issue, go to the preferences page and hit 'Restore
    Defaults'. This should reset the extension and Firefox to a known good
    configuration.  If you can manage to reproduce whatever issue gets your
    Firefox wedged, please file details at <a
    href="https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/report/14">the bug tracker</a>.
    </p>
    
    <a id="noautocomplete"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#noautocomplete">When I use Tor, Firefox is no longer filling in logins/search boxes
    for me. Why?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    Currently, this is tied to the "<b>Block history writes during Tor</b>"
    setting. If you have enabled that setting, all formfill functionality (both
    saving and reading) is disabled. If this bothers you, you can uncheck that
    option, but both history and forms will be saved. To prevent history
    disclosure attacks via Non-Tor usage, it is recommended you disable Non-Tor
    history reads if you allow history writing during Tor.
    </p>
    
    <a id="thunderbird"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#thunderbird">What about Thunderbird support? I see a page, but it is the wrong
    version?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    Torbutton used to support basic proxy switching on Thunderbird back in the 1.0
    days, but that support has been removed because it has not been analyzed for
    security. My developer tools page on addons.mozilla.org clearly lists Firefox
    support only, so I don't know why they didn't delete that Thunderbird listing.
    I am not a Thunderbird user and unfortunately, I don't have time to analyze
    the security issues involved with toggling proxy settings in that app. It
    likely suffers from similar (but not identical) state and proxy leak issues
    with html mail, embedded images, javascript, plugins and automatic network
    access. My recommendation is to create a completely separate Thunderbird
    profile for your Tor accounts and use that instead of trying to toggle proxy
    settings. But if you really like to roll fast and loose with your IP, you
    could try another proxy switcher like ProxyButton, SwitchProxy or FoxyProxy
    (if any of those happen to support thunderbird).
    </p>
    
    <a id="extensionconflicts"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#extensionconflicts">Which Firefox extensions should I avoid using?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    This is a tough one. There are thousands of Firefox extensions: making a
    complete list of ones that are bad for anonymity is near impossible. However,
    here are a few examples that should get you started as to what sorts of
    behavior are dangerous.
    </p>
    
    <ol>
     <li>StumbleUpon, et al
     <p>
     These extensions will send all sorts of information about the websites you
     visit to the stumbleupon servers, and correlate this information with a
     unique identifier. This is obviously terrible for your anonymity.
     More generally, any sort of extension that requires registration, or even
     extensions that provide information about websites you visit should be
     suspect.
     </p></li>
     <li>FoxyProxy
    <p>
    While FoxyProxy is a nice idea in theory, in practice it is impossible to
    configure securely for Tor usage without Torbutton. Like all vanilla third
    party proxy plugins, the main risks are <a
    href="http://www.metasploit.com/research/projects/decloak/">plugin leakage</a>
    and <a href="http://ha.ckers.org/weird/CSS-history.cgi">history
    disclosure</a>, followed closely by cookie theft by exit nodes and tracking by
    adservers (see the <a href="design/index.html.en#adversary">Torbutton Adversary
    Model</a> for more information). However, with Torbutton installed in tandem
    and always enabled, it is possible to configure FoxyProxy securely (though it
    is tricky). Since FoxyProxy's 'Patterns' mode only applies to specific urls,
    and not to an entire tab, setting FoxyProxy to only send specific sites
    through Tor will still allow adservers (whose hosts don't match your filters) to learn your real IP. Worse, when
    sites use offsite logging services such as Google Analytics, you will
    still end up in their logs with your real IP. Malicious exit nodes can also
    cooperate with sites to inject images into pages that bypass your filters.
    Setting FoxyProxy to only send certain URLs via Non-Tor is much more secure in
    this regard, but be very careful with the filters you allow. For example,
    something as simple as allowing *google* to go via Non-Tor will still cause you to end up
    in all the logs of all websites that use Google Analytics!  See
    <a href="http://foxyproxy.mozdev.org/faq.html#privacy-01">this question</a> on
    the FoxyProxy FAQ for more information.
     </p></li>
    </ol>
    
    <a id="recommendedextensions"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#recommendedextensions">Which Firefox extensions do you recommend?</a></strong>
    <ol>
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/953">RefControl</a>
    	<p>
    Mentioned above, this extension allows more fine-grained referrer spoofing
    than Torbutton currently provides. It should break less sites than Torbutton's
    referrer spoofing option.</p></li>
    
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/1474">SafeCache</a>
    <p>
    If you use Tor excessively, and rarely disable it, you probably want to
    install this extension to minimize the ability of sites to store long term
    identifiers in your cache. This extension applies same origin policy to the
    cache, so that elements are retrieved from the cache only if they are fetched
    from a document in the same origin domain as the cached element.
    </p></li>
    
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/6623">Better
    Privacy</a>
     <p>
    
    Better Privacy is an excellent extension that protects you from cookies used
    by Flash applications, which often persist forever and are not clearable via
    normal Firefox "Private Data" clearing. Flash and all other plugins are
    disabled by Torbutton by default, but if you are interested in privacy, you
    may want this extension to allow you to inspect and automatically clear your
    Flash cookies for your Non-Tor usage.
    
     </p>
     </li>
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/1865">AdBlock Plus</a>
     <p>
    
    AdBlock Plus is an excellent addon for removing annoying, privacy-invading,
    and <a
    href="http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/news/2007/11/doubleclick">malware-distributing</a>
    advertisements from the web. It provides
    <a href="http://adblockplus.org/en/subscriptions">subscriptions</a> that are
    continually updated to catch the latest efforts of ad networks to circumvent
    these filters. I recommend the EasyPrivacy+EasyList combination filter
    subscription in the Miscellaneous section of the subscriptions page.
    
     </p>
    </li> 
    <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/82">Cookie Culler</a>
     <p>
    
    Cookie Culler is a handy extension to give quick access to the cookie manager
    in Firefox. It also provides the ability to protect certain cookies from
    deletion, but unfortunately, this behavior does not integrate well with Torbutton. Kory Kirk is working on addressing this for this Google Summer of Code project for 2009.
    
     </p>
     </li>
    
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/722">NoScript</a>
     <p>
     Torbutton currently mitigates all known anonymity issues with Javascript.
     However, if you are concerned about Javascript exploits against your browser
     or against websites you are logged in to, you may want to use NoScript. It
     provides the ability to allow Javascript only for particular websites
     and also provides mechanisms to force HTTPS urls for sites with
    <a href="http://fscked.org/category/tags/insecurecookies">insecure
     cookies</a>.<br>
    
     It can be difficult to configure such that the most sites will work
     properly though. In particular, you want to make sure you do not remove
     the Javascript whitelist for
     addons.mozilla.org, as extensions are downloaded via http and verified by
     javascript from the https page.
    
     </p></li>
     <li><a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/9727/">Request
    Policy</a>
     <p>
    
    Request Policy is similar to NoScript in that it requires that you configure
    which sites are allowed to load content from other domains. It can be very
    difficult for novice users to configure properly, but it does provide a good
    deal of protection against ads, injected content, and cross-site request
    forgery attacks.
    
     </p>
     </li>
    
    </ol>
    
    <a id="securityissues"></a>
    <strong><a class="anchor" href="#securityissues">Are there any other issues I should be concerned about?</a></strong>
    
    <p>
    There are a few known security issues with Torbutton (all of which are due to
    <a href="design/index.html.en#FirefoxBugs">unfixed
    Firefox security bugs</a>). The most important for anonymity is that it is
    possible to unmask the javascript hooks that wrap the Date object to conceal
    your timezone in Firefox 2, and the timezone masking code does not work at all
    on Firefox 3. We are working with the Firefox team to fix one of <a
    href="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=392274">Bug 399274</a> or
    <a href="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=419598">Bug 419598</a>
    to address this. In the meantime, it is possible to set the <b>TZ</b>
    environment variable to <b>UTC</b> to cause the browser to use UTC as your
    timezone. Under Linux, you can add an <b>export TZ=UTC</b> to the
    /usr/bin/firefox script, or edit your system bashrc to do the same. Under
    Windows, you can set either a <a
    href="http://support.microsoft.com/kb/310519">User or System Environment
    Variable</a> for TZ via My Computer's properties. In MacOS, the situation is
    <a
    href="http://developer.apple.com/documentation/MacOSX/Conceptual/BPRuntimeConfig/Articles/EnvironmentVars.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/20002093-BCIJIJBH">a
    lot more complicated</a>, unfortunately.
    </p>
    
    <p>
    In addition, RSS readers such as Firefox Livemarks can perform
    periodic fetches. Due to <a
    href="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=436250">Firefox Bug
    436250</a>, there is no way to disable Livemark fetches during Tor. This can
    be a problem if you have a lot of custom Livemark urls that can give away
    information about your identity.
    </p>
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